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Using Entity Framework 6 with Npgsql 2.1.0

UPDATE (2014-05-19): Marek Beneš noticed a problem in the default connection factory config. It is fixed now. Thanks, Marek!

UPDATE (2014-02-20): I created a new post explaining how to get Npgsql 2.1.0.

Although this post is about EF 6, I'd like to talk about our current situation to support both EF 6 and EF4.x which explain why there are some subtle changes between EF 4.x and EF 6.x App.config settings. 

Support for EF versions 4.x and 6.x

Sometime after we started to work on Npgsql 2.1.0, we started to add code to support EF6 and decided to reorganize our Entity Framework support code. Shay created a pull request to organize this change and isolate the EF code out of core Npgsql code. The result was the creation of two separated assemblies:

  • Npgsql.EntityFramework.dll for EF6 and above;
  • Npgsql.EntityFrameworkLegacy.dll for EF4.x.

Only when using Npgsql with EF6 you will need to reference Npgsql.EntityFramework.dll assembly. This is needed because the EF system has to find it in order to use it.

When using EF 4.x, you won't need to reference Npgsql.EntityFrameworkLegacy.dll. Npgsql will load it using reflection. You just need to make sure the assembly is located at the same place as Npgsql.dll. With this approach, using EF 4.x with 2.1.0 will be the same way as using with previous versions of Npgsql.

In order to facilitate how to configure Npgsql 2.1.0 to work with EF6, I'm pasting* below an App.config template which you can use as a starting point(1).

Configuration settings for EF 6

<xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
    <section name="entityFramework" type="System.Data.Entity.Internal.ConfigFile.EntityFrameworkSection, EntityFramework,
 Version=, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=b77a5c561934e089" requirePermission="false" />
    <supportedRuntime version="v4.0" sku=".NETFramework,Version=v4.5" />
      <provider invariantName="Npgsql" type="Npgsql.NpgsqlServices, Npgsql.EntityFramework"></provider>
    <defaultConnectionFactory type="Npgsql.NpgsqlConnectionFactory, Npgsql" />
      <remove invariant="Npgsql" />
      <add name="Npgsql Data Provider" invariant="Npgsql" support="FF" description=".Net Framework Data Provider for Postgresql" 
 type="Npgsql.NpgsqlFactory, Npgsql" />

*Sorry for the bad formatting :(

The most important change from previous configuration files is the provider entry which had its type changed from Npgsql.NpgsqlFactory to Npgsql.NpgsqlServices as well as the location of this type which used to be in the Npgsql assembly and now it is located at the Npgsql.EntityFramework assembly.

With those changes, you will be able to use Npgsql 2.1.0 with EF6 without any problem.

Let me know in the comments if you have any problem with those directions.

In a later post I'll show a step by step on how to use Npgsql 2.1.0 with EF 6 and some exciting features we are working on: Support for EFMigration and Database creation and Returning DB generated values on insert for EF


1. Another option to have those configurations set up is to install the Nuget Npgsql.EntityFramework package. Shay added a script which configures the App.config file and add the needed entries in order to make it work with Npgsql.


Anonymous said…
thanx , it is a good development
tryhp3 said…
This comment has been removed by the author.
tryhp3 said…
SSL no work

An unhandled exception of type 'System.Data.Entity.Core.ProviderIncompatibleException' occurred in EntityFramework.dll

Additional information: An error occurred while getting provider information from the database. This can be caused by Entity Framework using an incorrect connection string. Check the inner exceptions for details and ensure that the connection string is correct.

{"The provider did not return a ProviderManifestToken string."}
{"Failed to establish a connection to 'my host...'."}
Hi, Piotr Trychta!

Can you report this error in our issues section on github? This way we can track this it. Thanks in advance.
Antônio Neto said…
Aqui está dando esse erro:

Additional information: Failed to set Database.DefaultConnectionFactory to an instance of the 'Npgsql.NpgsqlFactory, Npgsql' type as specified in the application configuration. See inner exception for details.
Hello, Antônio.

Can you post the inner exception? This would give us more information about the problem you are having.

Thanks in advance.
alexacron said…
at System.RuntimeType.CreateInstanceImpl(BindingFlags bindingAttr, Binder binder, Object[] args, CultureInfo culture, Object[] activationAttributes, StackCrawlMark& stackMark)
at System.Activator.CreateInstance(Type type, BindingFlags bindingAttr, Binder binder, Object[] args, CultureInfo culture, Object[] activationAttributes)
at System.Activator.CreateInstance(Type type, Object[] args)
at System.Data.Entity.Internal.AppConfig.<.ctor>b__3()
at System.Lazy`1.CreateValue()
at System.Lazy`1.LazyInitValue()
at System.Data.Entity.Internal.AppConfig.TryGetDefaultConnectionFactory()
at System.Data.Entity.Infrastructure.DependencyResolution.AppConfigDependencyResolver.GetServiceFactory(Type type, String name)
at System.Data.Entity.Infrastructure.DependencyResolution.AppConfigDependencyResolver.<>c__DisplayClass1.b__0(Tuple`2 t)
at System.Collections.Concurrent.ConcurrentDictionary`2.GetOrAdd(TKey key, Func`2 valueFactory)
at System.Data.Entity.Infrastructure.DependencyResolution.AppConfigDependencyResolver.GetService(Type type, Object key)
at System.Data.Entity.Infrastructure.DependencyResolution.ResolverChain.<>c__DisplayClass3.b__0(IDbDependencyResolver r)
at System.Linq.Enumerable.WhereSelectArrayIterator`2.MoveNext()
at System.Linq.Enumerable.FirstOrDefault[TSource](IEnumerable`1 source, Func`2 predicate)
at System.Data.Entity.Infrastructure.DependencyResolution.ResolverChain.GetService(Type type, Object key)
at System.Data.Entity.Infrastructure.DependencyResolution.CompositeResolver`2.GetService(Type type, Object key)
at System.Data.Entity.Infrastructure.DependencyResolution.DbDependencyResolverExtensions.GetService[T](IDbDependencyResolver resolver)
at System.Data.Entity.Internal.LazyInternalConnection.Initialize()
at System.Data.Entity.Internal.LazyInternalConnection.get_ProviderName()
at System.Data.Entity.Internal.LazyInternalContext.get_ProviderName()
at System.Data.Entity.Internal.DefaultModelCacheKeyFactory.Create(DbContext context)
at System.Data.Entity.Internal.LazyInternalContext.InitializeContext()
at System.Data.Entity.Internal.InternalContext.Initialize()
at System.Data.Entity.Internal.InternalContext.GetEntitySetAndBaseTypeForType(Type entityType)
at System.Data.Entity.Internal.Linq.InternalSet`1.Initialize()
at System.Data.Entity.Internal.Linq.InternalSet`1.get_InternalContext()
at System.Data.Entity.Infrastructure.DbQuery`1.System.Linq.IQueryable.get_Provider()
at System.Linq.Queryable.Select[TSource,TResult](IQueryable`1 source, Expression`1 selector)
alexacron said…
The comment above was the inner details of the exception
"Failed to set Database.DefaultConnectionFactory to an instance of the 'Npgsql.NpgsqlFactory, Npgsql' "

As I checked in the source it has aprivate constructor, which is good, but I don't have a clue why is it called
Unknown said…
This comment has been removed by the author.
Unknown said…
you have bug in provided config file.
In the defaultConnectionFactory element, there shouldn't be Npgsql.NpgsqlFactory but Npgsql.NpgsqlConnectionFactory. This change resolves problem mentioned above.
Td said…
This comment has been removed by the author.
Td said…
Just want to share how I've wasted few hours of my life...

First I've installed from nuget:
1) Entity framework 6.1.1
2) Npgsql 2.1.3
3) Npgsql for Entity framework 2.1.3

Then I've tried to use app.config provided in the post. It didn't work for me. I was trying to fix it for few hours without any luck.

Later I just restored type in defaultConnectionFactory element, which previous commenter recommended to change. After that it worked fine!

Just in case, providing my element:
defaultConnectionFactory type="Npgsql.NpgsqlFactory, Npgsql"
Hi, Td! Thanks for your comment.

I updated the original post with Merek's comments. Did you try this most updated version or a previous version from this article?

ab.normal said…
This comment has been removed by the author.
ab.normal said…
Hello, I'm trying to get this thing to work, but I'm having some problems. The error i get is:

Failed to set Database.DefaultConnectionFactory to an instance of the 'Npgsql.NpgsqlConnectionFactory, Npgsql'

I'm using Npgsql 2.1.3

My config file looks like the one posted above.

I would appreciate any help!


Unknown said…
Hello. I follow all steps here

But still in step 8 doesn't show
[PostgreSQL Database] at Change Data Source.

What is the step making that option available?
otr214426 said…
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Unknown said…
This comment has been removed by the author.
Unknown said…
Awsum piece of coding, just got my first code first database on PostgresQL :)

I did however have to correct the line:


defaultConnectionFactory type="Npgsql.NpgsqlConnectionFactory, Npgsql"


defaultConnectionFactory type="Npgsql.NpgsqlConnectionFactory, Npgsql.EntityFramework"

This is simple once you realise the class has moved assembly.
Natalie said…
this is very useful informative sharing thanks for this ....
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Carlos Amaral said…
Olá Francisco.
Estou querendo para com Java e tentando entrar no mundo dotNet.
Tenho que começar um projeto, e o BD será Postgres.
Tentei seguir vários tutoriais aqui, mas não consigo fazer funcionar.

Ambiente : Windows 7 64, VS 2013 Community, Postgres 9.3.5

Pelo NuGet, instalei o Npgsql.EntityFramework, que já baixou todas as dependências (Npsql e EntityFramework
Criei um aplicação console e estou tentando acessar um BD e uma tabela existentes mas da retorna o seguinte erro :
An unhandled exception of type 'System.ArgAn unhandled exception of type 'System.ArgumentException' occurred in System.Data.dll

Additional information: O formato da cadeia de inicialização não está de acordo com a especificação iniciada no índice 0.

Meu App.config está assim :

alguma idéia do que pode estar errado
costlules said…
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José de Paz said…
Hola, gracias Francisco Figueiredo por esta excelente herramienta.

Estoy utilizando lo siguiente:

Postgresql Server 9.0.18
Npgsql DDEX (2.2.5)
Visual Studio Prof 2013 Sp4

Tengo la siguiente función:

pass character varying,
users character varying)
RETURNS integer AS

COST 100;
ALTER FUNCTION "uspLogin"(character varying, character varying)
OWNER TO postgres;

Y cuando realizo el mapeo desde Visual Studio, la generación de las tablas se realiza de forma exitosa, pero para las funciones me muestra el siguiente mensaje:

Error 6046: Unable to generate function import return type of the store function 'uspLogin'. The store function will be ignored and the function import will not be generated.

Quisiera conocer la forma de realizar la importación de forma correcta.

Saludos y gracias
Unknown said…
Dear Francisco Jr.,

What do I not understand?
I have installed the Nuget packages Npgsql, Entity Framework 6.1.3 and Npgsql Entity Framework to my project in the free VS2015 Community edition. I add ADO.Net to the project. First step is to choose DB first. In second step I can't make a connection to the postgress SQL server only mS SQL servers. What am I doing wrong?

Hope someone can help

Jan Rou
Unknown said…
Jan Rou,

It sounds like you may not have edited your "app.config" to match what is in the blog article, and removed the LocalDb default connection factory for SQL Server.

Thereafter, from contributions by Marek Benes and Dave Paterson in the comments thread, you need to change the defaultConnectionFactory/@type attribute.

For the Npgsql v3.21 bits on an EF6 project, I had to change mine to

<defaultConnectionFactory type="Npgsql.NpgsqlConnectionFactory, EntityFramework6.Npgsql" ...

Derek Harmon
Unknown said…
Cara Derek e Francisco Jr, no meu caso, consigo adicionar as classe normalmente, mas quando vou "ADD();" algo no Banco ele me retorna um erro.

o que devo estar fazendo de errado ?

Obs. EF6

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